Since the Minister of Justice of the period, who wanted to tram Üsküdar in 1907, was subjected to various accusations, no distance could be covered on the tram line, which was planned to be built in Üsküdar.
One of today's modern and most preferred means of transportation, the tram was first exhibited in the leading cities of the USA by horse, and started to serve in Europe's leading cities such as London and Paris after the 1860s. Due to the fact that it was more comfortable and comfortable compared to other means of transportation, it was attracted by the public in a short time and its number was increasing.
Ottoman statesmen, who followed Europe closely during this period, were not interested in this means of transportation and they rolled up their sleeves to bring the tram to Istanbul. The Karaköy-Beşiktaş horse-drawn tram line was put into service with a ceremony held on July 31, 1871, after the final works.
“The tram carts, drawn by large and semi-strong horses called Katana, quickly became the ornament of the streets and were quickly adopted by Istanbulites because they were cheaper than other transport vehicles”. The horse-drawn trams were very popular on the European side, and soon the people of Üsküdar also mobilized and the people organized among themselves asked the government officials to make a tram line in Üsküdar in 1872:
“Thanks to the tram cars being built thanks to our Sultan, our Lord, the people of Üsküdar have not been able to get this blessing yet, despite the fact that the people of Istanbul attained their arrival and convenience. It is necessary that no one's willingness to have the comfort of one side of the people and the deprivation of the other side from this blessing. In this respect, please and compassionately, we would like to make it necessary for the construction of a tram line from Üsküdar pier to Çamlıca. ”
The authorities had responded positively to this demand of the people, but due to some troubles, the tram line on the Anatolian side was very late.
By 1907, Abdurrahman Pasha, who was the Minister of Justice of the period, said, "He wanted to get a concession to make trams to Üsküdar and its airport and to bring electricity to the environment." However, it had become the target of very severe criticism by some members of the government, such as making unfair profits. Upon increasing the dose of these discussions and spreading, no distance could be covered on the tram line, which is planned to be made to Üsküdar.
The Balkan War broke out in 1912, and almost all of the horses were taken to war, negatively affecting the tram lines. In addition, “Serious handling of tram construction in Üsküdar was possible only in 1912 and Üsküdar, Kadıköy The tender to operate an electric tram at the airport was awarded to a French company. According to the contract, the electric tram lines to be built by the company were as follows:
Every time this time it was okay, there was a problem that was not on the account at all. As a matter of fact, “The forests and Taşdelen water that are right next to the line that ended in Alemdağ belonged to the Foundations and the Ministry of Foundations rightly demanded that this line be given to them instead of a foreign company. The Ottoman government, which found this demand of the Ministry in place, gave the privilege of the Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ electric tram line to the Ministry of Foundations with a will on March 8, 1913.
The foundations started working without delay and planned to establish an electricity factory in Bağlarbaşı to meet the electricity required for the operation of the tram. However, the First World War began soon, and with the inclusion of the Ottoman State in this war, the tram studies were left to another spring.
Finally, the war was over and the period of armistice had passed. The tram line, which was planned to be built in Üsküdar, came to the agenda again, but could not go beyond words. After the establishment of the republic, it was taken seriously and said, “The entrepreneurs who took action under the leadership of Süreyya Pasha, contacted with the Republic government and the Municipality of Istanbul and started the activities for the construction of the Üsküdar-Kısıklı line. For this purpose, “Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ Public Trams had established the Turkish Joint Stock Company”.
Just at such a serious distance, an unexpected problem arose again. As mentioned above, there was a privilege given to the Ministry of Foundations during the Ottoman period, the factory that started to be established, the lines that were started to be built and the money spent. ” Therefore, it was not possible to start work before this problem was solved. Finally, after the negotiations, an agreement was made and as a result of this agreement, the privilege of the Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ line was given to the Ministry of Foundations for 75 years. Later, a contract was signed between the Municipality of Istanbul and the Administration of Foundations, which replaced the Ministry of Foundations, and Istanbul Municipality bought the concession of the Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ line from the Foundations administration ”. However, this time Istanbul Municipality had a hard time making payments. As a result of a new agreement, this problem had disappeared.
With the resolution of monetary problems in this way, there was no obstacle and a feverish work started by Turkish engineers and workers. In a short time, rails were laid, electricity poles erected and finally the end of the work. Üsküdar-Kısıklı line, which reached 4600 meters, was opened with a ceremony on June 7, 1928, after the works carried out by Üsküdar-Kısıklı-Alemdağ Public Trams Turkish Joint Stock Company without any problems. Starting from June 8, passenger transportation was started.
Üsküdar Kısıklı tram line
On the European Side, which has reached the Üsküdar-Kısıklı tram line many years later, after this line, Üsküdar-Haydarpaşa-Kadıköy Line, Kadıköy-Fashion, Kadıköy-Fenerbahce, Kadıköy-Bostancı lines were made.
The tram, which is preferred by the people of Istanbul, served for a long time both on the European and Anatolian side of the city, but it remained behind the age of transportation. So, in the 1960s, it was the target of public criticism arrows on the grounds that it slowed down traffic. After these criticisms, on the European side in 1961 and Üsküdar in 1966 and Kadıköy The tram service at the airport was stopped. Electric buses, called trolleybuses, were bought by the tramway.
Vahdettin Engin, Mirror of the Republic Ottoman, Istanbul 2010.
Vahdettin Engin, Horseback and Electric Trams of Istanbul, Istanbul 2011.
Source : www.dunyabulteni.net