Transportation Stalemate in Turkey

Utilization of combined, intermodal, multimodal systems suitable for fast, economical and safe transportation complementary to each other, mostly passenger and freight transportation; In this system, when necessary, road, railway, seaway, airline pipeline transportation are used together and an approach that takes care of the environment is in question. However, EU cohesion programs and Turkey, "the World Bank and the IMF" privatization in accordance with the commitments given to "build-operate-transfer", "build-operate" and "public-private partnership" by strengthening the weak and the private sector in public policy in question is the subject of these factors and Turkey "is still a" transport dilemma "is a drag n.
On the other hand, we should also mention the important point. The current negativities in transportation policies in all Five Year Plans;
Management irregularities, Operational disorders, planning / research failures,
It is connected to insufficient personnel.
However, as we discussed, the basic dilemmas in transportation and railways are based on very different reasons than the factors mentioned above; except for the third of the above, all are demagogic justifications.
Medium Term Program (2012-2014), 60-61. The Government Programs and Transportation in the 2012 Program Medium Term Program The transportation related part of 2011-2013 had the same evaluations as the previous OVP (2010-2012), excluding one item. The same is true in OVP 2012-2014, and only one item has been added as “the use of smart transportation systems in urban transportation will be made widespread with the road network” and a logistic related item has been added. The program's main orientation includes restructuring in line with “liberalization and competition”, but still does not include sound transport policies. The approach of OVP, which is stated in the introduction of the OVP 2011-2013, is a continuation of the previous OVP and is in line with the principles, policies and priorities that apply, also applies to the 2012-2014 Program.
In the OVP 2011-2013, “B. Macroeconomic Policies ”section's“ f. Under the sub-heading of the Public Economic Enterprises and Privatization, vi), “Withdrawal of the public from the fields of electricity distribution and sugar production; It is aimed to decrease the share of electricity generation, telecommunications, port, highway and bridge management ”. OVP 2012-2014 continues in the same way. In other words, the privatization, liberalization, and the complete disabling of public transport services will make their mark on the coming period. New motorway tenders are held with the privatization orientation. Privatization policies on ports, railway stations and highways disregarding the public interest; historical, cultural and economic accumulation is carried out at the expense of wasting.
In the OVP (2010-2012), (2011-2013) and (2012-2014), ”The main purpose in the transportation sector; It is the timely creation of a transportation infrastructure that balances between transportation types, complies with modern technology and international rules, is environmentally sensitive, economical, safe and fast transportation. It is essential that the transportation sub-sectors work complementary to each other and to spread the combined transportation ”. Although these objectives provide a positive outlook at first glance, the freight and passenger transport indicators constantly point to different facts.
The disproportionate transport weight in favor of highways must be rapidly changed in favor of other types of transport in order to maintain a balance between the types of transport. For this purpose, increasing the weight of the railway in passenger and freight transportation and investing in railway transportation should be among the priorities. However, the high-speed train application, which we pointed out to various infrastructure problems in recent years, has not been dropped from the agenda by the Government; It is a matter of wonder how the balance between transport modes will not be developed, especially if there is no policy for the old lines where the freight transportation is intense. The high-speed train, which is the reason for the increase of investments in railways in recent years, has been realized without considering the freight transportation.
In addition, no investment is made to the conventional lines where cargo transportation is predominantly made. The emphasis on road construction still renders the discourse of balancing modes of transportation invalid.
The objectives regarding the TCDD and the railway sector are important in terms of showing which principles the program is based on. Accordingly, by using the same expressions in previous programs, “iv. The service quality of TCDD will be increased and passenger transportation will be expanded by high-speed train. The railway sector and TCDD will be restructured in order to increase the share of the railway in the sector and reduce the financial burden of TCDD on the public ”. It is clear that there is a need for restructuring on railways. However, when looking at the policies implemented in recent years, the target of renewal is not determined by investments in line with social and scientific needs. Privatization and subcontracting practices result in the liquidation of public services and the plundering of public goods.
Likewise, in the “Infrastructure and Transportation Department” of the 61th Government Program, which determines the current 60st Government practices, “Efficiency will be provided in the provision of infrastructure services such as transportation, energy, information and communication technologies and quality standards will be increased. The presentation of infrastructure services, which is the most important prerequisite and input for the production of goods and services, in the competitive market by the private sector will be based on. " It is known that this approach causes price increases and problems in the energy and communication sectors. It is possible to reach the conclusion that by adapting this approach to transportation modes, all transportation types and transportation infrastructure will be completely privatized. It is clear that the privatization and competitive market will decrease / will create employment and lead to price increases in services.
In the program, "Although Turkey is a country that can be easily used for all modes of transport as geographical location, had become a country where almost the only type of transportation due to the policies implemented in the past. It is no longer possible to maintain our transportation system, which has become 90 percent dependent on road transportation domestically, in this state. ” This determination is correct. Because high cost and increase in investment costs caused by focusing on road transportation, inefficient road use, land losses, noise and environmental pollution have occurred; An unbalanced and distorted transportation system has been developed in our country with non-economic irrational investment decisions. (one)
It's already written. I want to make a little extra. For Europe, the Caspian Region and Central Asia, Georgia, Bulgaria and Romania have renewed Port railway connections at all speeds, and some work continues to increase capacity. With the connection made over the Black Sea, capacity increase was achieved in freight transportation. So, what's the Turkey? If you ask, the following large-scale map tells you everything, I'll respond by thinking. On the map, the Europe-Asia link the Black Sea, through Turkey rail link and highway connections clearly still seems out of Turkey. In your opinion, what is the shortest way to load both a large amount of cargo and a smaller amount?

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