The importance of railways, which is a sub-sector of the transportation sector, is increasing day by day. From this point of view, a well-organized railway system that has been structured according to the requirements of the era accelerates the economic development.
The history of the railroad in the Ottoman territory, the 1851 km of the Cairo-Alexandria railway line in 211, the date of the railways in the national borders of the 23 1856 130 24 1872 in the year of the privilege of the Izmir-Aydin Railway line starts. Ottoman Railways was governed by the Turuk and Meabir (Road and Construction) Department of the Ministry of Public Works for a time. XNUMX In September XNUMX, the Railways Administration was established to realize the construction and operation of the railway.
The 4.136 km section of the Ottoman period remained within our national borders. 2.404 kilometers of these lines of foreign companies, the 1.377 kilometer was operated by the state.
After the establishment of the Republic and the decision to nationalize the railways, 24 May 1924 date and 506 Law and the sonra Anatolia-Baghdad Railways Directorate General m were established under the Ministry of Public Works (Ministry of Public Works). In order to ensure the construction and operation of the railways as the first independent management unit in the field of railways, the ve General Directorate of State Railways and Ports UM was established with the date of 31 May 1927 and the Law No. 1042. The General Directorate of State Railways and Ports was connected to the Ministry of Transport (Ministry of Transport) established in 27 May 1939. Lines operated before and during the Republic of Turkey were purchased from 1928-1948 and nationalized. 22 July 1953 until the date supplementary budget Our organization is managed as a state administration, on that date, depending on the extracted 6186 Law No. Department of Transportation "Republic of Turkey State Railways (TCDD)" as the iktisso under the name, with 08.06.1984 date and 233 Decree Law No. "Public Economics TCDD, which has acquired Kuruluş corporate identity lığı and has three subsidiaries including TÜLOMSAŞ, TÜDEMSAŞ and TÜVASAŞ, is currently operating as the related organization of the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications. the name was turned into a State Enterprise.
155 TCDD 155 centennial which has been operating on these lands since the year
Unfortunately, especially in recent years, it is rapidly consuming its accumulation. Institution; trained
shortage of staff, lack of investment, use of resources in the wrong place
clamped. Lack of investment allowances and even allocations
As the expenditure cannot be made and the investments are not realized on time, the speed has decreased and more importantly traffic safety has been seriously damaged.
XIX. In the period until the 9th century, the place where Balyan was located was called “Kocagümüş Village yy. During the Ottoman period, the Balya Mine (Kocagilil Madeni) was famous for making cannons. It is known that a narrow decovil line with a length of 62 and a width of 60 cm is made up from the Bale to the position of Palamutluk. The mines transported to the region with the animals were transported to the Akçay port by car. Then, in order to accelerate transportation, railway construction from Bonito to Akçay port is made by Balya Kara Aydın Company owned by the French, while XIX. In the 17th century, France became the most prominent state in the construction of the railway in the Ottoman lands. The French established the 200 km railway network at the time of the operation of the mine, and also extended this road, which was also the first railway route in Anatolia, to the Dardanelles. Previously, the mines which were transported to Bandırm over Gönen and were loaded to ships were transported to ports by using Akçay and Edremit roads together with the 1800 years. Besides, it is understood that the mine exported to Bandırma Port has been moved to Istanbul according to some documents.
1 1923 75 28 1 1924, which was started to be constructed by the French't Balya Kara Aydın Company Pal on the date of XNUMX, for the transportation of the simli course extracted from Balya from Palamutluk to Akçay and for the shipment of the goods coming to the mine operation to the Palamutluk. The XNUMX km long railway between Ilica and Bonito has been completed and put into operation on November XNUMX.
The decovil line, which was built in 1884 from Palamutluk to Balya, is the 62 km long 60 cm. Wide. The liquidation of Hat 1950 closed in October was completed until 1959.
İZBAN, which has started to operate on the route of the first railway line laid in Anatolia in the subway standards on the 80 kilometer suburban line from Aliağa to Cumaovası in İzmir, is a project worthy of the city of İzmir with these qualities. Izmir Metropolitan Republic of Turkey State Railways of the municipality (TCDD) Metro is built with so 50-50 partnership "Long Road Retaliation" of İZBAN, giving the hands of the central government and local administrations a terms of being the first project carried out in Turkey, "Tolerance and Reconciliation Project ”. 29 October In 2010, İZBAN, which is the first company in the region, has started to operate in 05 December 2010, Çiğli-Cumaovası and 30 in January 2011.
This line changed Izmir's environment in a moment. The owners of the passenger transportation companies in the Aliyaga-Cumaovasi section learned how much the value of the passenger. Izmir's traffic is relieved.It is no longer alone from Aliagadan or Friday and leaving the car does not go with him Dikili Pergamon Kınıkta so that our citizens in the north of Izmir, leaving their vehicles to the station Aliağa Izban 1.75 TL by going to Izmir Gokas This behavior is a great contribution to both their budgets and national economy pavilion. Before the trailband, Aliağa - İzmir On the road to Çanakkale, the stiffness of the Trasfik accidents will be understood.
Atatürk, who knew well after the Republic that gerçekleştir the railway means civilization and wealth iste, realized the wishes to wield all sides of the country with the 'Iron Nets eden in his dream. In the 1930 project, which is a dream project of Atatürk, the project ran Balıkesir- Balya - Edremit and Aliağa ve and 75 cm. rail line will be improved, however, Balıkesir, on the other hand, would be connected to İzmir via Edremit Aliağa. However, this railway line ended with a project sheltered in the 1940. If this project is carried out in life, a big wound will be provided for our country in economic sense and in touristic terms.
Refinery and filling facilities located in Aliağa Iron and steel factories, Çandarlı Port, Ship dismantling facilities will be comfortable and freight will be shipped to other places of our country, and the transportation costs of highways are high and product quality deteriorates. Burhaniye, Zeytinli, Akcay, Altinoluk, Candarlı Ayvalık Edremit, Küçükuyu, Dikili, Bergama, towns and districts will pave the way for tourism in the region and will lead to a tourism boom in districts and towns. Tourism, industrialists, businessmen, tradesmen and citizens want this project to be implemented as soon as possible, but we have many difficulties. In addition, the number of Traffic Accidents in the Northern Egeda will decrease. In short, the Izmir Edremit railway railroad will only reduce energy pollution, traffic accidents, number of injured and dead air, and air pollution.
Source : I www.trafiklife.co