Istanbul; According to official data, the world's most populous 17. The city eş Again according to official data, the population that created this crowd 15.000.000 göre Fifteen million in writing ere
In Tokyo, the most populous city in the world, there is a metro system carrying 13 million people a day consisting of 8.7 lines. Start date: 30 Range 1927
Mexico City, the second most populous city in the world, maintains its title as the world's tiniest passenger metro. The total length of the metro network in New York, the third most populous city, is the 1.200 mileage.
The world's most populous 17. the city of dear Istanbul in the history of the subway starts very old. Tunnel made in 1876; It starts to carry passengers between Karaköy and Taksim. Of course the stop is not in the heart of Taksim. It is located on the ridges of Şişhane. That region is also called Tunnel. This line, which is among the pioneers of the metro in public transportation, could not play an important role for future additions and new lines.
The idea of building a comprehensive metro for Istanbul was first introduced in 1908, according to the IETT archives. Although a metro concession is given between Mecidiyeköy and Yenikapı, the project is not realized for some reason. A French engineer in 1912; It offers a line between Karaköy and Şişli and even offers a project where the line also makes an entrance towards Kurtuluş. However, as we know, this project is not realized.
Invited in 1936, the French urbanist Prost proposes to establish a metro line between Taksim and Beyazıt. The line, which will start from Taksim, is expected to pass between Istiklal Avenue and Tarlabaşı Boulevard, after the British Palace and Tepebaşı, to the Tunnel, from there to Şişhane and from the east of the Galata Tower to Karaköy. However, the project; The elevation differences are put on the shelf due to the construction of the viaduct that must exceed the Golden Horn and the fact that this viaduct will overshadow the historical artifacts.
Public Works in Foreign Countries, Dutch Technical Consultant Bureau “Nedeco” is developing a project in 1951. In Nedeco's proposal, new solutions were proposed for the route offered between Taksim and Beyazıt. The line advancing over Taksim, Sıraselviler, İstiklal Caddesi, Galatasaray; after this point it was going underground. Tepebaşı, Şişhane and Karaköy were passed underground, then surfaced again. After this point, a 45 m floating bridge carrying both the subway lines and two separate routes for departure and arrival was crossed and Eminönü was reached. Entering underground again between the Spice Bazaar and Rüstem Pasha Mosque, the line reaches a station at the junction of Babıali and Ebussuud streets with a large curvature, reaches Sultanahmet Square from there, passes under the Istanbul Palace of Justice and arrives at Çarşıkapı station and ends at Beyazıt. In addition to this route; The Karaköy-Tophane piece, which was the beginning of the line that will connect the Bosphorus in the future, was also offered. In the later stages of the project, underground lines were added in Taksim-Şişli, Beyazıt-Topkapı-Edirnekapı stikametes.
The last project on the Istanbul Metro was the work carried out in 1987 under the IRTC. This consortium has prepared the “Bosphorus railway tunnel” project together with the Istanbul Metro.
In the subway project with a total of 16 kilometers, a line with Topkapı-Şehremini-Cerrahpaşa-Yenikapı-Unkapanı-Şişhane-Taksim-Osmanbey-Şişli-Gayrettepe-Levent-4.Levent was proposed. This project was opened to service between Şişhane-Hacı Osman. The remaining parts are still under construction lar
As of 2012, Istanbul's metro line, which was offered to the residents, serves only between Şişhane and Hacıosman. However, there are also lines that do not have a subway but serve as a rail system: the historical Karaköy-Tunnel funicular line, Taksim-Kabataş funicular line, Bağcılar-Kabataş tramway line, Aksaray-Atatürk Airport light subway line and Topkapı-Habipler tramway line…
In July of this year; Kadıköy-Kaynarca subway was intended to open up to Kartal. When this line reaches Kaynarca, it will be the longest metro in Istanbul with a total of 26.5 kilometers. Line; D-100 (E5) goes on average 30 meters below the highway. Project work is still ongoing to extend the line to Sabiha Gökçen Airport.
In addition; The tender for Üsküdar Metro was completed. In addition, the Otogar-Bağcılar and Bağcılar-Başakşehir-Olimpiyatköy subway stations, which have been under construction for the 6 year, are expected to serve on the European side.
After this information; Let's come to the state of Istanbul Rail Transportation Lines of 2012:
The length of the urban rail network in Istanbul 146 kilometers lı To this length; Sirkeci- serving every 2Halkalı and Haydarpaşa-Gebze suburban trains. 44 kilometers of the 7 km-long Haydarpasa-Gebze suburban train line are already in the province of Kocaeli province. Halkalı-In line with the suburban line-Istanbul, there is a total 64 mile suburban line in Istanbul. The 82 kilometer of the urban rail network consists of metro and tram lines mentioned above and is undertaken by IMM.
Year 2012 kalabalık The world's most populous 17. The length of all rail lines in the city for public transport 146 kilometers' An important part of Istanbul is also required to transfer by road and sea to benefit from this system.
Year 2012 alar In order to solve the traffic problem of Istanbul, there are still lots of coins to expand the roads and to make bridges to the throat.
Year 2012 mek Due to the last big work that was started to expand the roads, people trapped in the traffic had to remove their toilet needs by peeing into their pet bottles in their vehicles.
Istanbul is one of the world's first metro systems at 1876; a system can call the system ”yes” in 1987.
Today, the length of all Istanbul rail systems is a little more than the 10 of the New York subway.
The projects that are trying to open the path by narrowing the roads because of the Metrobus and now it is too narrow for the people, the people of Istanbul will be working on pet bottles for a long time üs
In Turkey, "Metro", just a junk brand ...