Mehmet Behiç (Erkin), A Turkish Railway Officer, Was Commemorated in the International Balkan Symposium

Prof. Dr. Abant İzzet Baysal University Head of History Department Dr. Mustafa Gencer, faculty members Assoc. Dr. Prof. Dr. Ayşe Kayapınar and Assist. Assoc. Dr. Nuray Özdemir attended the International Balkan Symposium held at the Istanbul Grand Cevahir Convention Center.
100 of the Balkan Wars. In the International Balkan Symposium held due to the year, Prof. Mustafa Gencer talked about the Balkan alliance against the Ottoman Empire and explained the reasons behind the war. In his presentation, Gencer stated that (The Balkan Wars (1912 ası 1913) was defined as the – Proof of the First World War un (Richard C. Hall) of the Ottoman Empire, the last fortress in northern Africa, and the First World War between the Tripoli War and the Ottoman Empire. It is a very important event which causes its lands to be used in a few weeks. It is known that in the Balkan Wars, the Ottoman army experienced problems in the management of operations and in the management of the military, in logistics and intelligence, but the establishment of an alliance against the Ottoman administration revealed that the war was an organized movement. In what process has the Balkan Alliance, which is more of a conjunctural character than sacred, been established? Who are their actors and supporters? What is the goal and how is it planned to achieve this goal? The paper, which will look for answers to these and similar questions, will attempt to analyze the development of the war and the process of the formation of the Balkan Alliance. 8 October 1912 military operations that began with the attack on Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire, the phases of the war and the results will be excluded. The examination of the correspondence of the German Foreign Ministry with its diplomatic representatives in such centers as Sofia, Belgrade, Vienna, Athens and Istanbul will be the basis of this study. Alman
Assoc. Dr. Ayşe Kayapınar talked about the views of Bulgarian historians in her presentation titled “Bulgarians' Perspective on the Balkan Wars”. Kayapınar said, “Even though 100 years have passed since it started, we can say that many aspects of the Balkan Wars that have not been examined in Turkish and world literature still have seven dimensions. One of these aspects is that the point of view of the countries participating in the war has not been fully revealed. Undoubtedly, Bulgaria is one of the countries that should be dealt with regarding the Balkan Wars. How did Bulgaria view the Balkan Wars during the war years? How was the Bulgarian soldier motivated and mobilized? We can find the answers to these questions in Nikola Dodov's "Diary of the Balkan Wars" and in Simeon Radev's memoir titled "What I Saw from the Balkan Wars". The aim of this study is to reveal Bulgaria's perspective on the Balkan Wars and what motivates the Bulgarians to continue the war, based on these two works. At the same time, the information given by these two works will be compared with the information given by similar works prepared by the Turkish sides during the war period. Another aim of the study is to reveal the contradictory aspects of the perspectives developed by the Bulgarian and Turkish sides regarding these wars. Asst. Assoc. Dr. Nuray Özdemir received great acclaim with her presentation "A Railwayman in the Balkan Wars: Mehmet Behiç (Erkin) Bey". Özdemir also mentioned the importance of railways in the war in his presentation. Nuray Özdemir, “Behiç Erkin (2–1876) is the first name that comes to mind when "railway" is mentioned in Turkey. Behiç Bey, who served in various duties related to transportation in the Ottoman army, served as the Military Commissar of the Istanbul-Thessaloniki Union Railway during the Balkan War years. With the entry of the Greek army into Thessaloniki, Behiç Bey was captured by the Greeks on 1961 November 26. When his captivity in the Greek city of Piraeus ended on November 1912, 18, he was appointed to the head of the 1913rd Branch Simendifer Section at the General Staff Headquarters in Istanbul. At a time when means of transport and roads were inadequate, a war kazanHe saw the importance of transportation services in the construction of the city and collected his studies on railways during the Balkan Wars in a book called "The History, Use and Organization of the Railways from the Point of View of the Railways". He explained that although the allied powers used many railways in the Balkan War, the fact that the Ottomans had only one line played an important role in the loss of the war. In this study, the activities of Behiç Bey for the defense and operation of the Ottoman railways during the Balkan Wars will be included. The effect of Behiç Bey's railway management on Turkish railways after the Balkan War will be evaluated”.

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