For the first time during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecit 1860 and the first time in the extensive feasibility studies 1987 centennial d tube passage 'project Marmaray dream come true. With the feasibility studies carried out in 1987, 1995 and 1998, the project phase of Marmaray started in August 2004. Marmaray, which will unite Asia and its European side for the third time, will also connect the two sides to the railway for the first time. Ik 10-12 is equivalent to the Bosphorus Bridge cak in the reports of the Ministry of Transport, which is tired of the throat traffic of the Bosphorus, Istanbulluları faster, cheaper journey, as well as rail freight transportation will provide significant advantages.
He will be amongst the fountains
-Bosphorus Railway Tube Crossing and Gebze- known as MarmarayHalkalı Superficial Metro ”located on the European side Halkalı and the reconstruction of the suburban rail system in Istanbul and the construction of the Railway Bosphorus Tube Crossing in order to connect the Gebze districts on the Asian side with a continuous, modern and high capacity suburban rail system. The railway lines on both sides of the Istanbul Strait will be connected by a railway tunnel connection under the Bosphorus. The line will go underground in Kazlıçeşme; will continue along Yenikapı and Sirkeci which are the new underground stations, will pass under the Bosphorus and connect to Üsküdar which is another new underground station and will surface again in Söğütlüçeşme.
Uskudar-Sirkeci 4 will be in the minute
The project is located in Gebze-Haydarpaşa and Sirkeci-Halkalı the suburban lines are improved and converted into subways and the 13 is the length of the Bosphorus Tube Crossing. In the Bosphorus Tube Pass, the 150 immersed type tunnel built on the ground will be placed in the openings at the sea floor at the depth of 60 and then covered with rock fill and will be covered by the 10 meter. Three new ground stations will be established in Yenikapı, Sirkeci and Üsküdar with drilling tunnels under the city on both sides. Thus, there will be no direct transportation between Yenikapı-Sögütlüçeşme and 12 minutes.
HalkalıSeamless travel between the mountains
In the second stage, the existing station and suburbs are renewed and the system is converted into subway. Halkalı-Gebze between the opportunity to provide uninterrupted travel. Gebze-Halkalı the journey between 105, four between Üsküdar and Sirkeci, Taksim-Kadıköy will decrease to 14 minutes. It is noted that the tube passage, which has a capacity of 1.5 thousand passengers per hour with 105 minutes intervals in one direction, is equal to 10-10 Bosphorus Bridge with a carrying capacity of 12 thousand passengers per hour. The route of the project will be similar to the route of the existing suburban railway line, except for the Istanbul Bosphorus Crossing. Halkalı Most of the existing stations between Kazlıçeşme and Söğütlüçeşme and Gebze will remain in their current location. In addition, new underground stations will be built in Yenikapı, Sirkeci and Üsküdar.
42 freight train will run per day
The Marmaray line, also known as the project of the century, will not only carry passengers. It is foreseen that the 42 will be transported by train on the Marmaray line. When the project is activated, only the 2 freight train is operated in Gebze-Halkalı The 137 freight train will run between the 42 km and the 21. 21 departures in one day, 42 arrival including 9 arrival. Thus, a new door will be opened for freight traffic. Istanbul, which is on the seabed in Istanbul, is going to be built in such a way that it is possible to make metro flights in an earthquake with a magnitude of XNUMX.
2.5 will cost a billion dollars
Funding required for the first phase of the project was funded by the Japanese International Cooperation Bank (JBIC) with an annual 40 interest rate of 7.5. The second phase will be covered by the European Investment Bank with an 600 thousand Euro loan. 89 billion 668 thousands of Japanese New offer by giving the contract Taisei-Kumagai Gumi-Gama-Nurol joint venture undertook the project, the project is expected to cost 610 billion dollars (about 2.5 quadrillion pounds).
In parallel with the completion of the Marmaray Project, when the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway Project is implemented, it will be possible to transport uninterrupted cargo from Europe to China by rail. Thus, the share of railways in freight transport between Europe and Central Asia will be increased.
What will Marmaray bring?
* 75 thousand passengers per hour,
* 42 freight train will run every day,
* 40 station will be built on Asian and European side,
* 76.3 kilometers long line, 13.6 kilometers will be underground,
* 75 thousand passengers will be transported in one direction per hour,
* Every 2 a train per minute, you can move on those lines.
* The project will take 4 minutes between Üsküdar and Sirkeci,
* From Söğütlüçeşme to Yenikapı at 12 minutes, from Bostancı to Bakırköy at 37 minutes, from Gebze HalkalıIt is now possible to reach 105 in minutes,
* In Istanbul, the share of rail system with 8 will increase to% 28 when Marmaray is completed.
Source : www.utikad.org.t is