Located in the center of Izmir, Turkey's belt after the station is the second oldest railway station. The construction was completed in 1858. The station is also home to the TCDD 3.BÖLGE DIRECTORATE. This is the Alsancak Station location is one of Turkey's busiest station. In the 2001, the lines found in Garda were electrified with 25 KW AC. From Alsancak station, it serves to Manisa, Balıkesir, Bandırma, Kütahya, Eskişehir, Ankara, Uşak and Aliağa and Menderes suburban.
The concession for the construction of the Izmr-Aydı railway line, which was the first railway of Alsancak Railway Station, was given to British entrepreneur Wilkin and his four friends. The concession was handed over to the “Ottoman Railway from Izmir to Aydın” company in 1857. Alsancak Station, which was located at the beginning of the railway, the foundation of which was laid in the period of Governor Mustafa Pasha in 1857, was put into service in 1858. The station started to be used intensely with the Aydın line opened in 1866. The station, which belongs to ORC even after the War of Independence, passed to TCDD in 1935 with the deactivation of the ORC. The station is the starting point of the lines departing from İzmir and going to the South. For example; This is the starting station of the Alsancak-Cumaovası line. The last steam train left the station in 1980. In 2001, all lines were electrified, the number of lines increased from 4 to 10 and the number of platforms increased from 2 to 6. On May 1, 2006, the last train departure took place from the station, which was closed due to the Izban project. With the completion of the Izban project, the station was re-opened for passenger transportation on May 19, 2010.